Guluo Mountain is located in Gangjiawan Village, zhuma Town (the mountain behind the monument). The stone walls on the west and north sides are steep and high, stretching for several miles. They are arc-shaped from a distance, like drums and gongs. Locals call them Guluo Mountain.
In July 1931, the Kuomintang reactionary party launched the third "encirclement and suppression" of the Soviet area, and Chiang Kai-shek was the commander-in-chief. The Kuomintang reactionary government then launched a major encirclement and suppression of the Hunan-Hubei border Soviet area. Ordered more than 15000 people from 9 main regiments, including Zhou Xie Qing (nickname Zhou crab), Cili Zhu Jikai (nickname Zhu scarzi) and Shimen Luo Xiaozhi (nickname mule) stationed in Sangzhi, Hunan Province, to take part in the "encirclement and suppression" of the Hunan-Hubei border Soviet area. Starting from mid-July, the enemy divided into troops and surrounded the Hefeng Soviet area. [folklore "crab, can't catch up with the" mule "to play a leg. This shows that Luo Xiaozhi has the greatest strength]].
At that time, Marshal He Long led the main force of the Red Army to the northwest of Hubei, and Wang Bingnan led an independent regiment to stay in the Soviet area along the Hunan-Hubei border. In order to defend the red regime and consolidate the base area, according to the enemy's situation, Wang Bingnan arranged the main force of the independent regiment to defend Luo Xiao's department in Zouma Suoping. In order to disrupt the enemy's deployment, the two battalions of the independent regiment stationed in Soping launched an attack on Luo Xiaozhi, and the fierce battle was fought at Jiuling Head near Nanbei Town. After several washes, the independent regiment suffered heavy casualties due to the large number of enemy troops and extremely strong firepower. regimental commander wang bingnan made a prompt decision and ordered 12 consecutive units to take cover and move toward dayanguan and sanlukou in the direction of wuliping. After completing the cover task, the 12th company climbed over the mountain along the ridge and moved closer to the large army. As the 12th Company was adapted from Honghu Red Guards, it was brave in fighting, but was not familiar with the mountain. When covering the retreat, it was forced to the cliff of Gulong Mountain on the left side of Meijialing in Jiuling. Guluo Mountain is about 1200 meters above sea level. The north and west are cliffs stretching for thousands of meters. Only the top of the mountain is connected with the lower six peaks. When Luo Xiaozhi was observing the terrain in Meijialing and preparing for the final attack, he suddenly received a report that the main force of the independent regiment had reached the Great Rock Pass, and Guluo Mountain was only a small cover force of the independent regiment. Luo Xiaozhi was overjoyed when he heard this, and he couldn't help but feel embarrassed. He immediately ordered a charge to the top of Gulong Mountain and shouted, "There is a reward for catching alive". The enemy troops tightened the encirclement in three ways (all the way around the mountain leading to the lower six peaks to encircle, all the way along the retreat direction of the 12th company, all the way around from the west to encircle). The 12th company was continuously injured, killed, and fought and retreated, and was forced to the cliff. Only 32 of the 100-strong company were left (a few retreated from the mountain to the lower six peaks). They still fought to the death, using stones as weapons when the bullets were finished, killing and wounding dozens of the enemy.
In front is a cliff tens of meters high, and behind is a layer of enemy troops. Facing the critical moment of life and death, 32 soldiers gathered together and said: We became the Red Army to defeat the Kuomintang reactionary army, and to liberate the toiling masses. We vowed not to be prisoners. So he smashed the guns and shouted "Long live the Red Army" everywhere "! Resolutely jumped off the cliff......
After the enemy retreated, Zhang Lajie, a member of the Suoping Farmers Association, found another survivor at the foot of Guluo Mountain. Because the enemy had not completely retreated, she did not rush to get the wounded man home, moved him under a big willow tree and brought food from home. As the soldier had suffered severe fractures in three of his four limbs and was covered with blood, he was also killed on the same day because of excessive bleeding and lack of medicine. Zhang Lajie couldn't hear the soldier's accent (Honghu accent) clearly. All she knew was that his name was Wang Yuguo, a deputy company commander of the 12th Company, who was 24 years old. After the enemy left (because a small number of soldiers had retreated, Luo Xiaozhi found out that he chased to the left corner temple in Dongping, Xialiu Peak, where he fought fiercely and died heroically), Zhang Lajie organized a peasant association and buried 32 martyrs in four places.
The heroic deeds of the 32 martyrs are the most tragic scene in the armed struggle in the revolutionary base area of western Hunan and Hubei. It reflects the revolutionary heroism of the Red Army soldiers who dared to fight and sacrifice in the face of strong enemies in order to defend the revolutionary base area and the red regime. The strong will of the party and the people is a concentrated expression of patriotism and revolutionary heroism. Today we are following the footsteps of the martyrs in order to inherit the revolutionary spirit of the martyrs and encourage us to listen to the party, feel the party's favor, and follow the party.
In September 2006, the People's Government of Hefeng County built the "Guluo Mountain Thirty-two Martyrs Monument" as a memorial in front of Guluo Mountain where 32 strong men of the Red Army died when they jumped off the cliff in Gangjiawan Village, zouma town.